Preposition Definition
  • A preposition:
  • is a word that connects a nounpronoun, or phrase to other words in a sentence
  • is a word that can indicate direction, location, or time
  • is either a:
  • simple preposition consisting of one word
  • compound preposition consisting of two words
  • compound preposition consisting of three words
  • usually comes before a noun
  • usually not placed at the end of a sentence unless part of a phrasal verb
  • The word or phrase that the preposition introduces is called the object of the preposition
Preposition Types
Preposition Examples
  • The following words are simple prepositions consisting of one word
  • aboard, about, above, absent, across, after, against, along, alongside, amid, amidst, among, amongst, around, as, aslant, astride, at, athwart, atop, barring, before, behind, below, beneath, beside, besides, between, beyond, but, by, despite, down, during, except, failing, following, for, from, in, inside, into, like, mid, minus, near, next, notwithstanding, of, off, on, onto, opposite, out, outside, over, past, per, plus, regarding, round, save, since, than, through, throughout, till, times, to, toward, towards, under, underneath, unlike, until, up, upon, via, with, within, without
  • The following words are compound prepositions consisting of two words
  • according to, ahead of, along with, as for, as per, as to, aside from, because of, close to, due to, except for, far from, inside of, instead of, near to, next to, out of, outside of, owing to, prior to, pursuant to, regardless of, subsequent to
  • The following words are compound prepositions consisting of three words
  • as far as, as well as, by means of, in accordance with, in addition to, in case of, in front of, in lieu of, in place of, in spite of, on account of, on behalf of, on top of
Direction Preposition Definition
  • A direction preposition is a word used to show movement from one place to another
Direction Preposition Examples
  • She is going to the shopping center.
  • The rocket traveled through space.
  • The tour group walked across the street.
  • They brought the luggage into the room.
  • They walked around the shopping center.
  • He walked up the stairs.
  • He walked down the stairs.
Location Preposition Definition
  • A location preposition is a word used to show a specific place
Location Preposition Examples
  • They are waiting at the restaurant.
  • The car was parked on the street.
  • She sat in the train.
  • They were among friends.
  • The book is behind the shelves.
  • The paper is between the books.
  • Your shoes are in front of the door.
  • Her pants were next to the bed.
  • The table is beside the dresser.
  • The picture was hanging over the window.
  • The cow was sitting under the tree.
  • The birds flew high above the mountain top.
  • You can see the birds sitting slightly below the mountain top.
Time Preposition Definition
  • A time preposition is a word used to show a point in time or a length of time
Time Preposition Examples
  • She is going to work at night.
  • The meeting is on Monday.
  • The team will arrive in Summer.
  • We have not seen them since last week.
  • We cannot meet until next Sunday.
  • He kept talking during class.
  • It rained throughout January.

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